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Large Marine Ecosystems: Status and Trends

Recognizing the value of large marine ecosystems (LMEs) and other transboundary water systems (open ocean, groundwater aquifers, lakes and reservoirs, and river basins), their continued degradation, the fragmented approach to their management, and the need for better prioritization of interventions, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) embarked on the Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme (TWAP) from 2009 to 2015. TWAP objectives were to undertake global assessments of the five transboundary water systems to assist GEF and other international organizations set priorities for interventions; and develop formal institutional partnerships for periodic assessments of these systems.

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Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
  • Ground water
  • Marine and coastal areas
  • Rivers and lakes
  • SDG14 Life Below Water
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Cambodia
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Myanmar
  • Thailand
  • Viet Nam
Copyright Yes
Access and use constraints

This publication may be reproduced in whole or in part and in any form for educational or non-profit services without special permission from the copyright holder, provided acknowledgment of the source is made. UNEP would appreciate receiving a copy of any publication that uses this publication as a source.

Version / Edition 1
License CC-BY-3.0-IGO
Author (corporate) UNEP
ISBN number 978-92-807-3531-4
Publisher United Nations Environment Program
Publication date 2016
Pagination 24
Keywords marine ecosystems
Date uploaded January 26, 2018, 18:59 (UTC)
Date modified February 11, 2018, 11:12 (UTC)