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This brief discusses the effectiveness of China's opium substitution policy. A significant amount of opium and heroin on the market in China originates in northern Burma, Thailand and Laos. To counter this threat, the Chinese government has launched opium substitution programs such as rubber plantations and farms growing sugarcane, tea and corn. The crop substitution scheme, as well as China's resource and trade diplomacy, are discussed.

Data Resources (1)

Data Resource Preview - Alternative development or business as usual? China's opium substitution policy in Burma and Laos

Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Issue and policy briefs
Language of document
  • English
Short title (alternative/varying form of title) Drug Policy Briefing 33
  • Crop products and commodities
  • International relations
  • Rubber
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Lao People's Democratic Republic
  • Myanmar
Copyright Unclear copyright
Version / Edition 1.0
License unspecified

Transnational Institute (TNI) De Wittenstraat 25 1052 AK Amsterdam The Netherlands Tel: -31-20-6626608 E-mail:

Author (corporate) Transnational Institute
Publication place Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publisher Transnational Institute
Publication date 2010
Pagination 12 p.
Date uploaded June 14, 2015, 22:38 (UTC)
Date modified August 17, 2015, 05:56 (UTC)