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Reform of State-Owned Forest Enterprises and Ethnic Minority Land Tenure Security In Vietnam

Paper presented during the World Bank conference on Land 2016. During revolution and national unification, Vietnamese government nationalized agricultural and forest land throughout the country. While agricultural land was de-collectivized in the Doi moi reforms since mid-1980s, the majority of forest and forest land has continued to be managed by state enterprises. For members of Vietnam’s 53 recognized ethnic minority groups, the formation of state-owned forest enterprises (SFEs) has meant the end of customary tenure arrangements, leading to exclusion from traditional lands used for agriculture, hunting, and collection of non-timber forest products. Although in recent decades, a consensus has built on the need to change the SFE system, however, in reality it is still far to achieve the desire results. Conflicts over forest land between SFEs and local people are still widely happened in Vietnam.

This paper describes efforts to reform SFEs and resolve land conflicts, based on in-depth case studies of communities in Lang Son, Quang Binh, and Lam Dong provinces. These cases demonstrate villagers’ initiatives to obtain and use land use rights in their traditional forest lands. The paper summarizes key drivers of land conflict and concludes with recommendations for policy change in revision of the Forestry Law and improvements in the management of forest tenure rights.

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© Copyright 2016 by author(s). All rights reserved. Readers may make verbatim copies of this document for non-commercial purposes by any means, provided that this copyright notice appears on all such copies.

ပြင်ဆင်ချက် 1
ခွင့်ပြုချက် CC-BY-NC-4.0

Andrew Wells-Dang, Pham Quang Tu, Ngo Van Hong

ပူးတွဲရေးသားသူ (တစ်ဦးချင်းစီ) Wells-Dang, A., Pham Quang Tu, and Ngo Van Hong
ထုတ်ဝေသည့်နေရာ Vietnam
ထုတ်ဝေသူ Oxfam
ထုတ်ဝေသည့်ရက်စွဲ 2016
စာမျက်နှာခွဲ 20
အဓိကစကားလုံးများ state-owned forest enterprises
တင်ခဲ့သည့်ရက်စွဲ စက်တင်ဘာ 11, 2017, 21:30 (UTC)
ပြန်လည်ပြင်ဆင်သည့်ရက်စွဲ မေ 16, 2018, 05:06 (UTC)